The Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, projects India’s IT sector market to reach Rs 6,98,900 crore by 2025, becoming home to over 40 lakh IT jobs across the country. Correspondingly, the complexity of work has also grown. The biggest growth is seen in future technologies like machine learning, artificial intelligence, and data science — growing into an Rs. 130,000 crore industry by 2025, finds DataQuest. The top IT jobs of 2020, we reckon, will be:
- Data scientist
- Machine learning engineer
- Computer vision engineer
- Software developer
- Cybersecurity analyst
But in 2020, what will IT jobs be like? What will be the real-life impact of these roles look like? Let’s find out.
Top IT Jobs for 2020
#1 IT Jobs: Data scientist
The sexiest of IT jobs — the data scientist is part mathematician/statistician, part scientist, and part computer engineer. They collect, analyze and interpret large volumes of data towards meaningful insights. Here’s what that job would look like in various industries.
Application of the top IT Jobs in Finance and investments
A typical data scientist would help bankers make investment decisions based on data. They analyze market data, stock movement, international currency values, fuel prices, and other financial indicators, to predict market trends. On other days, they might design algorithms for quant/robot traders.
In a market-driven customer support team, a data scientist would be performing a sentiment analysis of user comments on social media. In e-commerce or a media company, a data scientist would be building the recommendation engine.
Data science is making great strides in healthcare — with wearables, health apps and electronic medical records capturing tons of data each day. A data scientist typically helps in building algorithms that can analyze data and predict trends: From the next menstrual cycle to the probability of onsetting diabetes. In the research and development department of a drug manufacturing company, a data scientist might be analyzing the outcomes of clinical trials and recommending improvements.
#2 IT Jobs: ML engineer
A machine learning engineer wears many hats — from data collection, data manipulation to model building and service deployment. Today, machine learning engineers do a variety of fascinating roles.
Waymo uses neural nets — a machine learning methodology that uses large datasets as examples — to identify objects in the way of their self-driving cars. Their machine learning engineers build and fine-tune these neural nets!
If Siri doesn’t understand your accent, you might be right to blame it on a machine learning engineer. ML engineers work on models for voice recognition, pronunciation detection, recommendation engine, even build conversational AI for digital assistants of the future.
Maps and navigation
A cab-riding application like Uber or Ola is entirely built on artificial intelligence, automation, and machine learning. For instance, Uber routes cars to customers based on traffic modeling, a job typically performed by a machine learning engineer.
#3 IT Jobs: Computer vision engineer
One of the hidden gems among the top IT jobs for 2020 is the computer vision engineer — a software engineer who works on making machines learn images and videos.
Warehousing and logistics
In the e-commerce industry, a significant part of warehousing, stock management, and packaging is done by pick-and-place robots. A computer vision engineer plays a key role in building them.
Food and beverages
Computer vision engineers also build models to identify anomalies in finished goods in a supply chain — a broken biscuit or a chipped chip.
In a large infrastructure-heavy industry, computer vision plays a key role in monitoring and management. In power distribution, computer vision engineers analyze satellite images to determine the correct distance between 2 electric towers, to perform predictive maintenance of high-tension electrical wires, and much more.
A developer is perhaps the oldest of information technology jobs there are — they write code for applications across functions. Until very recently, a software developer mostly specialized in native or web apps. What’s going to change in 2020?
Mobile applications development
From the omnichannel approach that’s been in vogue recently, companies today are going mobile-only, or at least mobile-first for most of their applications. Take Uber, Dunzo, GPay, for instance. A software developer of 2020 will have to figure out how to deliver stellar customer experience on a tiny screen.
If mobile as a computer forms one end of the spectrum, the rest of it is populated by ‘smart devices’. From dishwashers to wall clocks, every device will soon join the Internet of things, and developers will have to design applications to integrate and leverage them all.
#4 IT Jobs: Cybersecurity analyst
A software security professional’s main job is to protect data and applications from malicious attacks. This can range from preemptive architecture design and firewall, all the way to reverse engineering to hack the hacker.
A forensic analyst is a detective for cybercrimes. They work on a range of security activities like identifying vulnerabilities, unveiling points of entry, building evidence for legal cases, etc. When the last time millions Aadhaar users’ details were leaked, the first person they likely hired was a forensic analyst.
Cryptography and encryption
Simply put, a cryptographer encrypts data. They work on building algorithms and security systems that make sure all confidential data are securely encrypted both at rest (where they’re stored) and in motion (where they’re transmitted/used).
Gone are the days when machine learning and artificial intelligence were matters of sci-fi movies and futuristic novels. Today, some form of ML is in every digital interaction we have — be it your taxi-hailing app or the Youtube autoplay. Data science, machine learning and artificial intelligence are not just some of the top IT jobs you’ll find in 2020, they’re also among the coolest.
If you’re planning for a career change this new year, here’s a good place to start, At Springboard, you have 1:1 mentoring-led, project-based online learning courses to choose from that comes with a job guarantee.